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Wed 21 Aug 2019
 
Avoiding and Preventing Diabetes
 

Why talk about diabetes?

  • Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide.
  • Diabetes can affect all parts of our body over time.
  • Most people with diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes. This form of diabetes can be prevented or slowed by healthy choices throughout our life.

The numbers …

  • Over 9 million Canadians live with diabetes or pre-diabetes.
  • Over 285 million people worldwide are affected by diabetes.
  • 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
  • A person with diabetes may face costs of $1000 to $15,000 each year for medications and supplies.
  • By 2020, it is estimated that diabetes will cost our health care system over $16.9 billion dollars per year.

Who is at risk?

You may be at higher risk for diabetes if:

  • you are 40 years or older
  • have a family history of type 2 diabetes
  • you are a member of a certain ethnic group (Aboriginals, Hispanics, Asians, South Asians, Africans)
  • have a history of gestational diabetes or pre-diabetes
  • have a history of heart disease, high blood pressure or excess weight (especially around your middle)

All people age 40 and older should be screened for diabetes. If you have one of the risk factors above, ask your health care team about ways that you can prevent or identify diabetes today.

You can prevent diabetes and live a healthy life

Every day is a new chance to make a healthier choice. Take these steps to lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes today:

  1. Keep (or achieve) a healthy weight
    • Eat smaller portions
    • Move more
    • Find ways to lower your stress and feel good about you
     
  2. Enjoy healthy foods (in smaller amounts)
    • Eat more vegetables
    • Choose higher fibre foods
    • Use the plate to help you balance meals
     
  3. Be more active
    • Aim to move your body at least 30 minutes every day
     
  4. Quit smoking
    • Ask your health care team about quit options
     
  5. Get tested
    • Ask about your diabetes risks
    • Take care of your blood pressure, heart health and body weight